Most institutions allow individuals without a first law degree to enter their LL.M. program, although there are always minimum educational requirements, such as a bachelor`s degree or proof of significant work experience in a related field. Examples of such programmes include the Master of Studies in Legal Research at Oxford, LL.M. degrees from the University of Edinburgh and LL.M.s from the University of Leicester. In addition, Queen`s University Belfast offers an LL.M. suite accessible to law and social science graduates and leading to specialisations in sustainable development, corporate governance, decentralisation or human rights.  Northumbria University offers an innovative approach to an LL.M. qualification for students entering the Master`s programme as undergraduate students. Students who complete this four-year program earn an LL.M. combined and a professional qualification of Legal Practice Courses, or BPTC.
 To practice as a lawyer in the Netherlands, you need an LL.M. degree with a (set of) specific courses in procedural law. The Dutch Bar Code (NOVA) requires these courses for any potential trainee lawyer who wishes to be conditionally written to the district court for three years. After obtaining all the diplomas prescribed by NOVA and under the supervision of a “patron” (master), a lawyer has the right to have his own practice and is unconditionally registered in court for life, but he must constantly update his knowledge. The self-directed format of the Master`s degree is not available at the Faculty of Law. Students must complete their law studies within three years. Italy offers master`s programs in Italian and English, depending on the school. They are often called “laurea specialistica”, i.e. the second stage of the Bologna Plan (European program), and in this case they last two years. For example, the University of Milan offers a 2-year LLM on Sustainable Development. In South Tyrol, the programmes are also taught in German, as in Bolzano. In Italy, the term “Master” often refers to a professional master`s degree of 6 or 12 months in certain fields such as “Internet Law and Security” or “Administrative Administration Law”, which is often taught part-time so that professionals already working in this field can improve their skills.
In India, legal education focuses on law degrees, with most of those who choose to pursue the Bachelor of Laws degree registering with the Bar Council of India and practising as lawyers or giving legal advice without being able to appear in court (a consequence of non-registration). As in the UK, a Master of Laws in India usually specialises in certain areas of law. Traditionally, the most popular areas of specialization in these LL.M. degrees in India have been constitutional law, family law, and tax law. The flagship program of the China-EU Law School (CESL) in Beijing is a double master`s program with a master`s degree in Chinese law and a master`s degree in European and international law. The Master in European and International Law is taught in English, is open to international students and can be studied as a single Master`s programme.  CESL also offers an International Master of Chinese Law (IMCL), which is an LL.M. in Chinese law taught entirely in English.  Choose from 300+ courses to plan a program that matches your intellectual and professional interests.
You can choose to specialize in one or two areas, or take a wide range of courses. You also have the option to write an article in close consultation with a professor or develop a typical research task in a master`s thesis. Experienced student advisors will help you choose courses that match your goals. Norwegian law degrees Master i rettsvitenskap (English for Master of Jurisprudence) are officially translated into English as Master of Laws (LL.M.), as these degrees are more comprehensive than the basic law degree in common law countries (e.g. J.D. and LL.B). The final year of the five-year Norwegian Professional Law programme is therefore considered equivalent to an LL.M. specialisation.
In addition, universities with law schools at the master`s level offer several LL.M. programs. For example, Universitetet i Oslo offers free LL.M courses in international law, law of the sea, information and communication technology (ICT) law, as well as various specializations in human rights. The University of Oxford unconventionally calls its scholarly Master of Laws B.C.L. (Bachelor of Civil Law) and M.Jur. (Magister Juris), and its Research Master either MPhil (Master of Philosophy) or MSt (Master of Studies).  Oxford continues to call its most important postgraduate degree in law B.C.L. for essentially historical reasons, as the B.C.L. is one of the oldest (and therefore one of the oldest in the Oxford hierarchy) awarded since the sixteenth century.  M.Jur.
was introduced in 1991.  There is currently no LLM degree from the university.  Oxford states that the B.C.L. is “the most prestigious master`s teaching qualification in the common law world.”  In addition, the University of Oxford introduced the Master of Law and Finance (MLF) in 2010. The degree is taught jointly by the Faculty of Law and Saïd Business School. The MLF program includes a combination of finance and economics courses combined with BCL law courses. Both degrees are available online for those who prefer to study from the comfort of their own home – a clear advantage for professionals who wish to advance their careers in one of the many specialisations.